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Toothpaste has a long history. Some evidence points to a form of toothpaste being used in ancient Egypt: Egyptians mixed powdered rock with vinegar to make a paste, then used it to clean their teeth. Of course, today’s toothpaste is much more advanced, with much-improved taste and efficacy. Here are some of the usual components of modern toothpaste.

Abrasives: Toothpaste contains mildly abrasive substances that help to scrub food and plaque away from your teeth. They have to be abrasive enough to scrape away plaque, but not so strong as to scrape the tooth enamel. The abrasives also serve to polish your teeth as you brush, and remove stains.

Texture and Taste: The texture and taste of your toothpaste have been perfected over time, much to the benefit of everyone involved. The toothpaste now retains enough moisture to not dry out and feels pleasant in the mouth. The texture is integral to the function of the toothpaste, as well, as the texture helps the paste stick to your teeth. Each toothpaste has ingredients designed to make the toothpaste taste better. There are many flavor options and colors available to make your brushing experience more pleasant.
Preservatives: Toothpaste has preservatives to prevent the growth of bacteria and other microorganisms. Otherwise, your toothpaste would spoil before you could use it all.
Foam: Most toothpaste contain a foaming agent; this gives the paste a boost as it removes food and debris.
For more information, call Jacqueline S. Reid DDS in Chatham, New Jersey, at 973.635.9456. Dr. Jacqueline S. Reid and our team are happy to help!